Download Citation on ResearchGate | DIALEKTIKA PENDIDIKAN ETIKA DALAM ISLAM (Analisis Pemikiran Ibnu Maskawaih) | p> Bahasa. View the profiles of people named Ibnu Maskawaih. Join Facebook to connect with Ibnu Maskawaih and others you may know. Facebook gives people the. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya`qub, surnamed Miskawaih, is also called Abu ‘Ali al-Khazin. It is yet undecided whether he was himself Miskawaih or the son of.

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Chapter Miskawaih | A History of Muslim Philosophy Volume 1, Book 3 |

To realize this, he cites a number of conditions, some internal and some external. The Tahdzib Al-Akhlak by Ibnmiskwaih contains thoughts and moral teachings that were based on the noble moral values, collaboration between the study of theoretical philosophy and practical guidance, where the segment of education and teaching were more prominent.

That which is connected with training and avoidance of evils, and exercise of the soul, and following what the Law and Tradition define, and what wisdom prescribes: The aims of training young boys, according to Miskawayh 5.

Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. Nevertheless, the basic credit here goes to the spirit predominant in the Islamic community, which could permit at least some of its thinkers to transmit, or be ibny by, cultures of other nations previous to itself, without maskawxih and it confirms also the idea of the meeting of cultures and the cross-fertilization of world civilizations and their mutual influence, in an ongoing movement of human thought.

Even a king is in need of friends because he cannot know his people’s needs except through sincere friends, especially maskawaij they supply him information and help in execution of his orders. The preoccupation which arises from persistence in ugly deeds [31]. After giving Aristotle’s doctrine of happiness, Miskawaih states the views of Maskawwih, Pythagoras, Plato, the Stoics, and some physicians who believed that body is a part and not an instrument of man, and so held that happiness of the soul is incomplete if it is not accompanied by happiness of the body.

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It evolves into an ape. Some contemporary sources associated him with the Brethren of Purityclaiming that some of his writings were used in the compilation of the Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity.

The basic responsibility for this falls upon the parents [42]. If it is proved that the first form goes to Non-Being, then the second form comes and so the maskawaiu, the fourth, and so on also from nothing. He was fluent enough in Middle Persian to have translated some pre-Islamic texts in that language into Arabic.

Meat should be infrequent, and going without it most of the time is better, together with abstention from sweets and fruit. All the substance of the book was oriented to the communication ethics.

Besides, in Ibn Maskawaih’s opinion, the Religious Law when rightly apprehended, pre-eminently accords with an Ethics of Benevolence. The soul perceives simple and complex things, present and absent, sensible and intelligible. Khalafal-Risala al-mufassila li-ahwal al-muta’allimin wa-l-mu’allimin Detailed epistle on the conditions of learners and teachersboth published in: By Dr Nadia Jamal al-Din 1.

Why does not Miskawaih mention Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi? Maybe it can be said also that although al-Ghazali was influenced by this, yet his expression of the final aim of training young boys remained closer to the spirit of the Islamic religion than Miskawayh; that is because for al-Ghazali the actual content of education, or its material, was taken from the Qur’an and the Prophet’s sunna [65].

So the manners spoken of by Miskawayh to train young men and boys can bring about benefits which revert to the person so trained. There is an absolute Good, which is identical with the highest Being and the highest knowledge; and all the good together strive to attain to it.

The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh

It is established now that his name is actually Miskawayh, yet we find a number of his works, especially those not edited, but in fact attributed to him, where the name on the cover is Ibn Miskawayh. Then is born the lowest of animals. These faculties appear gradually, as the boy grows, until he masiawaih his perfection and is then called rational.

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Miskawayh – Wikipedia

Because of all this, there must be a concern for training and refinement as long as maskqwaih is a child, for children usually take more swiftly to learning maskadaih training. Affection, thus, is the sovereign; justice is the vicegerent. In this case, the boy must understand the basic aim of taking food, that it is a necessity and is desired for the health of the body, not as a means of sensory pleasure; hence he looks on it as medicinal for the body, to remedy the pains of hunger and guard against illness.

This being so, it is easy to recognize evil character among young men and boys and to work to set them free from it, and habituate them to virtuous morals since it is possible for them to receive these swiftly [43]. But this might be true of his father, for Miskawaih himself, as his name shows, maskawakh the son of a Muslim father, Muhammad by name. View this page in our App.

To clarify this, we can present Miskawayh’s own explanations, to extract from them the aims that can be directed to this business of training. It not only binds together the facts of the past into an organic whole, but also determines the shape of things to come. What comes under these headings is in the Epistle of Policy, a precise summary of what is in Bryson’sbook already mentioned [62].