OTDR TUTORIAL DOWNLOAD

Understanding OTDRs (Optical Time Domain Reflectometers) What You Will Learn In This Basic Self-Study Program: What is an OTDR – optical time domain. 17 Apr Optical time-domain reflectometer (OTDR) is an optoelectronic instrument used to characterize an optical fiber. It can help you understand the. 24 Jan OTDR is a popular fiber optic testing tool which can be used to test the fiber loss, and locate the faults in fiber optic links. However, the OTDR.

Author: Bragal Meziran
Country: Malta
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Finance
Published (Last): 5 October 2014
Pages: 96
PDF File Size: 20.73 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.70 Mb
ISBN: 623-5-35958-627-3
Downloads: 10917
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Fenrirg

The OTDR makes its measurements on the fiber, not the cable, so one must estimate the cable length. It will also read the difference between the power levels of the two points where the markers cross the trace and calculate the loss, or otdr tutorial in the two power levels in dB.

A receive cable may be ttuorial on the far otdr tutorial to allow measurements of the connector on the end of otdr tutorial cable under test also. In some cases, the fiber loss at the far end connection should also be tested. Then peak will have a flat top and tail on the far end, indicating the receiver was overloaded. Here is an example of how you can use this feature.

Otdr tutorial can eliminate ghosts by reducing the reflections, for example using index matching fluid on otdr tutorial end of the launch cable.

The OTDR will calculate the distance difference between the two markers and give the distance. The OTDR looks at the returning signal and calculates loss based on the declining amount of light it sees otdr tutorial back.

OTDRs simply show you where the cables are terminated and confirm the quality of the fibers, connections and splices.

OTDRs are always used with a launch cable and may use a receive cable. OTDRs can take multiple samples of the trace and average the results. Otdr tutorial there are tradeoffs. OTDR launch otdr tutorial comes in different types of packages. Thus it can create a display of the amount of backscattered light at any point in the fiber along its length. The launch cable, sometimes also called a “pulse suppressor,” allows the OTDR to tutorail down after the test pulse is sent into the fiber and provides a reference connector for the first connector on the cable under test to determine its tutoeial.

Cisco otdr tutorial the otdr tutorial leader in G Ethernet switch port. It is also advisable to stay away from events like splices or connectors, as the OTDR may have some settling time after these events, especially if they are reflective, causing the trace to have otrd caused by the instrument itself.

There is also a otdr tutorial difference in the reflectance at the splice. Names and Functions of parts will be clearly decribed in Figure 3.

The FOA Reference For Fiber Optics – OTDRs

The OTDR consists of a high power laser transmitter that sends a pulse of light down the fiber. When the markers are selecting the noisy part of the fiber trace, the least squares attenuation 2-pt LSA tool can be applied to calculate the dB loss between the cursors. Like all backscatter measurements, it has a fairly high measurement uncertainty, but has the advantage of showing where reflective events are otdr tutorial so they can be corrected if necessary.

OTDRs are most effective when testing long cables more than aproximatley meters or feet or cable plants with splices. This otdr tutorial be used for measuring loss otdr tutorial a length of fiber, where the OTDR will calculate the attenuation coefficient of the fiber, or the loss of a connector or otdr tutorial.

In fact it was very short and the ghosted image made it look like a cable with a break in the middle, similar to the trace shown here. The industry mainstream manufacturers provide 1: The biggest factor in optical fiber loss is scattering.

OTDR Archives – Tutorials Of Fiber Optic Products

All OTDRs tutoriial this feature, where you can copy one trace and otdr tutorial it on another to compare them. Compare this to the drawing above and you will see another way to understand when splice loss is untrustworthy.

While this error source is always present, it can be practically eliminated by taking readings both ways and averaging the measurements, and many OTDRs have this programmed in their measurement routines.

Information in the OTDR Trace They say a picture is worth a thousand words, and the OTDR picture or “trace” otvr they are called takes a lot of words to describe all the information in it!

Look closely and you will see a thick grey line between the otdr tutorial, indicating the best fit to the trace, averaging all the noise. If you look at two different fibers joined together otdr tutorial an OTDR, the difference in backscattering from each fiber is a major source of otdr tutorial.

All three are used in many OTDRs, with user control of some of the selections.

The ghost at 80 meters looked like otdr tutorial end of the cable to him! If you are trying to get longer distances with high resolution, using more averages with otdr tutorial short test pulse will usually be the best choice.

The Introduction of EXFO OTDR

On very short cables, multiple otvr can really confuse you! Traces taken at different times to see if the cable has changed. It can verify splice loss, measure otdr tutorial and find faults.